top of page

Environmental Strides at the 2023 G20 Summits

Shaila Venkat

The 2023 G20 Summit held in September under India's presidency in New Delhi will mark a significant milestone in the global effort to address climate change and promote sustainable development. With the theme “One Earth, One Family, One Future,” the summit aims to emphasize the interconnectedness of all living beings on our planet and the urgent need for collaborative action to ensure a cleaner, greener, and more environmentally-friendly future for the planet. One of the critical areas of focus during the summit will be the Environment and Climate Sustainability track, which saw proactive engagement from representatives of G20 member countries and invited nations.

However, there are meetings that are already underway, with a few wrapping up in recent weeks. The final Energy Transitions Working Group Meeting held, which was held in July prior to the main summit, showcased India's commitment to accelerating global energy transitions while ensuring equitable energy access and sustainability The meeting highlighted critical challenges related to climate change, energy security, and financing, emphasizing the importance of adopting clean technologies and transitioning to renewable energy sources.

One of the significant outcomes of the working group meeting was the convergence on hydrogen-related issues. India proposed the establishment of a Green Hydrogen Innovation Centre and the launch of the Global Biofuel Alliance, which garnered substantial support from other G20 members. Hydrogen holds immense potential as a clean and sustainable energy source, and collaborative efforts in this area can have a transformative impact on global energy transitions.

Furthermore, the meeting stressed the significance of low-cost financing for energy transition projects, an area where cooperation and investment among G20 members are vital for success. Access to affordable clean energy solutions was identified as crucial for sustainable development and mitigating the impacts of climate change.

While there were informal pressures on India to revise its net-zero target from 2070 to 2050, the country remained steadfast in its commitment to the 2070 deadline. Instead of making specific climate commitments at the G20 forum, India's focus was on emphasizing the concept of “Lifestyle for Environment” (LiFE) and showcasing its achievements in renewable energy through initiatives like the International Solar Alliance and the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure.

India's emphasis on LiFE signifies a broader approach to sustainability, encouraging responsible and environmentally conscious choices both at the individual and national levels. This approach aligns with the broader G20 theme of recognizing the interconnectedness of all living beings and their impact on the planet. Moreover, India's continued dedication to its net-zero target and promotion of LiFE encourages other G20 nations to adopt sustainable policies and invest in clean energy solutions. The positive impact of these efforts goes beyond India's borders, inspiring other countries to take decisive action in the fight against climate change.

The strides made at the first 2023 G20 summits in India carry significant importance for several reasons. By convening a platform for dialogue and collaboration among major economies, the summitfacilitated the exchange of ideas and best practices in addressing environmental challenges. The emphasis on renewable energy, clean technologies, and low-cost financing demonstrates a collective commitment to accelerating energy transitions and combating climate change on a global scale. As the meetings wrap up, more environmental issues will be discussed, with the outcomes of these meetings having international implications environmentally. 

In conclusion, the 2023 G20 Summit held in India marked a crucial moment in the pursuit of environmental sustainability and climate action. Through proactive engagement and collaborative efforts, the summit reaffirmed the urgency of global energy transitions and the need for equitable, affordable, and inclusive access to clean energy. India’s commitment to its net-zero target and the emphasis on LiFE showcased its leadership in championing sustainable practices on both national and international levels. The environmental strides made at the summit hold the potential to create a more sustainable and resilient future for all, underscoring the importance of continued cooperation and collective action among G20 members and the wider global community.


  1. Image from

  2. SDG Knowledge Hub. (n.d.). G20 Leaders’ Summit 2023. IISD.

  3. G20. (2023, July). Final energy transitions working group meeting under India's G20 Presidency concludes. G20.

  4. Gupta, J. (2023, May 2). What is India bringing to the G20 table on climate? Eco-Business.


bottom of page